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Policy No: 2070
Responsible Office: Research Compliance and Assurance
Last Review Date: 09/29/2022
Next Required Review: 09/29/2027
Policy No: 2070
Responsible Office: Research Compliance and Assurance
Last Review Date: 09/29/2022
Next Required Review: 09/29/2027

Laboratory Notebook Ownership and Data Management

1. Purpose

This policy sets forth the rights and responsibilities of the University and all University Affiliated Individuals regarding access and maintenance of original Research Data generated in association with the design, conduct and reporting of Research performed at or under the auspices of the University. Additionally this document sets forth the policy regarding ownership and disposition of Laboratory Notebooks.

Maintaining accurate and appropriate Research records is a fundamental component of any Research project. It is necessary to support and authenticate findings, to protect intellectual property rights, and to ensure compliance with federal regulations and other University policies.

This policy does not supersede, or expand upon, USA's Patent and Invention or Copyright policies. 

2. Applicability

This policy shall apply to all University Affiliated Individuals as defined below, which includes but is not limited to: faculty, students, graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and support staff, who are involved in the design, conduct or reporting of funded or unfunded Research or sponsored projects. Research or a sponsored project with the University that is funded through a grant or contract which includes specified provisions regarding Data management or management of technical Data, may contain provisions that supersede this policy.

3. Definitions

Data: recorded factual material commonly accepted as necessary to validate Research findings. Research Data covers a broad range of types of information. Digital Data can be structured in a variety of formats. Data differs amongst disciplines and can include but is not limited to: documents, notebooks, Laboratory Notebooks, audiotapes, transcripts, photographs, test responses, slides, and algorithms. In practice, Research Data include intangible (statistics, findings, conclusions, etc.), as well as tangible Data.

Laboratory Notebook: a primary record of Research in any form (e.g. paper notebook, electronic notebook, etc.).

Principal Investigator: the individual with primary stewardship of Research Data on behalf of the University. In this capacity the Principal Investigator (PI) is responsible for Data collection, recording, storage, access, and retention in keeping with this policy and best practices in the PI’s discipline.

Report: any summary, statement or description of Research activities published in the open literature or provided to the public, the University, a sponsor, or other Researchers by a University Affiliated Individual.

Research: a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to knowledge, which may include the stages of development, testing, and evaluation.

Tangible Data: includes, but is not limited to notebooks, media devices, photographs, films, scans, slides, images, videotapes, gels, blots, spectra, electrophysiological recordings, samples, specimens, IRB consent forms, Research reports, analysis, Data included in theses and dissertations, and any other materials relevant to the Research or sponsored project.

University: all units of the University of South Alabama, including schools, colleges, hospitals, clinics, institutes, programs, centers and any other components not otherwise listed.

University Affiliated Individual:

    • All persons receiving employment compensation from the University, including but not limited to faculty, staff, administrators, medical residents, and students, whether undergraduate or graduate;
    • All persons affiliated with the University as students, post-doctoral fellows, medical residents or visiting scholars;
    • All persons participating in sponsored research projects; and
    • All other persons using University time, facilities, staff, materials, funds, confidential information or other University resources in the conduct of research.

4. Policy Guidelines

Laboratory Notebooks and any and all documents upon which proof of inventorship is based remain the property of the University, even in the event where a University Affiliated Individual’s employment with USA is terminated. In such an event, the Laboratory Notebook must remain with the laboratory. Express written approval may be granted to transfer said Laboratory Notebooks and documents. However, this approval is at the sole discretion of the Dean from which the Laboratory Notebook is being requested, and the Director of the Office of Commercialization and Industry Collaboration. Should such approval be granted, the transfer of the Laboratory Notebook and documents requires, at minimum, a “Written Agreement of Disposition of Data and/or Laboratory Notebook” to be fully executed by the discloser and recipient, including final signing authority of the Director of the Office of Commercialization and Industry Collaboration.

Laboratory Notebooks, along with a fully executed USA Confidential Invention Disclosure submitted via the USA Inventor Portal on the Office of Commercialization and Industry Collaboration's website, form the foundation of proof upon which inventorship is determined.

As per the Patent and Invention policy, an Invention Agreement for University Personnel [IAUP] will be signed at the time of employment or affiliation with the University, or if already employed or affiliated, prior to the use of any USA facilities which might result in an invention or discovery”. Ownership of such inventions flows from the inventor-employee to USA as a result of inventor-employee executing the IAUP. Accordingly, inventions which are conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the course of employment or affiliation with the USA, or through participation in sponsored Research made available by USA, or with the use of the funds, resources or facilities administered by the USA, shall be the property of USA. As a natural consequence of this, USA also asserts ownership of any and all documents upon which proof of inventorship is based, e.g., Laboratory Notebooks.

It is vital that University Affiliated Individuals have the capability to document Research results for assisting the University in meeting its legal and scholarly requirements, as well as for more traditional purposes such as determining priority for patentable items and publishing manuscripts. The PI is responsible maintaining appropriate Data and documentation.  The following data management principles must be adhered to:

4.1  Data Ownership

In accordance with federal policy and the common practice of higher education institutions, the primary owner of Research records is the University. Specifically, the University owns all Research Data generated through Research projects performed at or under the auspices of the University regardless of funding source, unless explicit terms of contractual arrangements (including subcontracts), other agreements, or sponsorship declare otherwise. In the event a dispute arises over Data management or ownership, the Vice President of Research and Economic Development will be the deciding official.

4.2  Custody of Research Data

On behalf of the University, the PI serves as the custodian of Research Data including the scientific Data and other records of Research generated at or under the auspices of the University. The PI is charged with the preservation and integrity of the original Research Data. In an instance of misconduct, the threat of Data custody or maintenance, or for any other justifiable cause, the University acting through the Vice President for Research and Economic Development or designee, may take immediate custody of Research Data.

4.3  Access to Research Data

The University has the right to unfettered access to Research Data for Research performed at the University, supported with University administered funds, or carried out using University facilities. The University’s entitlement to unfettered access to Research Data shall remain irrespective of the responsible University Affiliated Individual’s location. Where necessary to assure needed access, the University may take physical custody of the Data in a manner specified by the Vice President for Research and Economic Development (or a designee).

External sponsoring agencies providing support for Research may have a legal right to access or may request access under the federal Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). When a PI receives a FOIA request for Research Data generated by a federally funded project, the PI should seek guidance by directing the request to the Office of University Counsel and the Vice President for Research and Economic Development to determine an appropriate response. The National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation have policies that govern the sharing of Data and the dissemination of Research results. When requested and unless restricted as confidential, University Affiliated Individuals are generally expected to share all Research Data involving their published works.

4.4  Data Transfer

In the event a University Affiliated Individual leaves the University, a “Written Agreement of Disposition of Data and/or Laboratory Notebook” may be negotiated between the University Affiliated Individual and the University. Should Research Data leave the University with the University Affiliated Individual, it will be solely in a custodial manner. The University’s rights to access the Data shall remain preserved. Written approval granted to transfer Data shall be on a case by case basis and is at the sole discretion of the Dean from which such Data originated and the Director of the Office of Commercialization and Industry Collaboration.

4.5  Data Security

Some Research Data may include protected health information (PHI) or personally identifiable information such as social security numbers or personal financial information, etc. To safeguard this information, PIs should apply specific federal laws, state laws, and institutional policies.  The Institutional Review Board governing review and approval of human subject’s Research adheres to the HIPAA Security Rule. PIs conducting human subject’s Research must comply with institutional policies for safeguarding electronic PHI.

5. Procedures


6. Enforcement

Concerns regarding data management is overseen by the Office of Research and Economic Development.

7. Related Documents

7.1  Copyright policy

7.2  Patent and Invention policy

7.3  USA Data Management Practices policy

7.4  USA Laboratory Notebooks: Principles and Standards

7.5  State of Alabama Records Disposition Authority

7.6  Information Systems Security policy

7.7  Written Agreement on Disposition of Data and/or Laboratory Notebook